Diabetes is a systemic disease that can affect many different
parts of the body, including the feet. The key to amputation
prevention is early recognition and regular foot screenings
from a podiatric physician. In addition, you should
check your feet daily for certain warning signs.
in skin color
in the feet and ankles
and tingling in feet
healing sores on legs and feet
and fungal toenails
in the skin
corns and calluses
Poorly fitted shoes or even a
wrinkle in a stocking can cause a wound that may not be
felt due to nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy. If
the ulceration is left untreated, it may become infected,
leading to very serious consequences.
Prevention is the key in diabetic foot care. These
preventive measures are as follows:
Use a mild soap and lukewarm
water. Dry your feet well, particularly between the toes.
If the skin is dry and flaky, use a moisturizer daily, but
avoid applying between toes.
for cuts, bruises, or any other changes in appearance. If
you are unable to see the bottom of your feet, have someone
help or just inspect your feet in front of a mirror.
Smoking may lead to circulatory problems in the legs and
feet which will slow the wound healing process.
diet and exercise
diabetics are overweight due to a poor diet. This results
in an uncontrolled blood sugar level, increasing the risk
of complications. Walking daily is a great way to keep the
weight down, control blood sugar and improve circulation.
Foot size and shape change over time, therefore, should
be measured in length and width when new shoes are purchased.
The shoes should have a wide toe box and cushioned insoles
to prevent excess pressure on bony areas.
socks with seams that can rub and cause blisters. Also,
avoid wearing socks that are too tight that can constrict
barefoot can increase your risk of cuts, infection, falls
and other foot injuries. Even indoors, slippers should be
alcohol in excess
can contribute to nerve damage or neuropathy associated
with diabetes, increasing the possibility of overlooking
and not properly treating an ulceration.
a podiatric physician
visits to your podiatric physician for evaluation and routine
foot care will help your feet remain healthy and happy.